Washington, 24 March – The text of the agreements reached at the Crimean conference between President Roosevelt, Prime Minister Churchill and Generalissimo Stalin, as published today by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, follows the following: Churchill defended his action in Yalta during a three-day parliamentary debate that began on 27 February and ended with a vote of confidence. During the debate, many MPs criticized Churchill and expressed deep reservations about Yalta and his support for Poland, 25 of whom drafted an amendment to protest the agreement.  In addition, the Soviets promised to allow free elections in all regions of Eastern Europe liberated from Nazi occupation, including Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Romania and Bulgaria. In exchange, the United States and Britain agreed that future governments of Eastern European countries bordering the Soviet Union would be “friendly” with the Soviet regime, which responded to Stalin`s desire to have an area of influence to create a buffer against future conflicts in Europe. At that time, the Soviet army occupied Poland entirely and held much of Eastern Europe with a military power three times greater than the Allied forces of the West. [Citation required] The declaration of the liberated Europe has little to do to dispel the sphere of influence of the agreements that had been incorporated into ceasefire agreements. Allied leaders came to Yalta because they knew that an Allies` victory in Europe was almost inevitable, but they were less convinced that the Pacific War was coming to an end. Recognizing that a victory over Japan might require a long-term struggle, the United States and Britain saw a great strategic advantage for Soviet participation in peaceful theatre. At Yalta, Roosevelt and Churchill discussed with Stalin the conditions under which the Soviet Union would go to war with Japan, and all three agreed that the Soviets should have a sphere of influence in Manchuria in exchange for a potentially decisive Soviet participation in the Pacific theatre after Japan`s surrender. These include the southern part of Sachalin, a lease in Port Arthur (now Thehukou), part of the manchury and Kuril Islands.
This agreement was the main concrete achievement of the Yalta conference. With this declaration, we reaffirm our faith in the principles of the Atlantic Charter, our promise in the United Nations Declaration and our determination to build, in collaboration with other peaceful nations, the world order dedicated to peace, security, freedom and the general well-being of all humanity. The final agreement stipulated that “the provisional government currently working in Poland should therefore be reorganized on a broader democratic basis, including Polish and Polish democratic leaders abroad.”  Yalta`s language recognized the supremacy of the pro-Soviet Lublin government in a provisional government, albeit a reorganized one.  Allied leaders also discussed the future of Germany, Eastern Europe and the United Nations.