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DOCTORS AT THE HOSPITAL

War heroes are who do not fight, but do everything for the lives of others. Who were they, how did they get on this career, what life path did they go through? Meet the heroes of the Hospital in the Rock, who were witnesses of the siege of Budapest and who tried to do something against the horrors!

LECTURER

Angelika Bálint-Révész, historian, museum educator

LOCATION

Online, the presentation will take place in the form of a Zoom meeting. It is not necessary to have Zoom registration to participate in the meeting. We will send you the link by e-mail no later than 24 hours before the program. By clicking on the link you can join the lecture with any device that has internet connection and display (computer, laptop, tablet, mobile phone).

PARTICIPATION FEE

Anyone can join the online lecture! The participation fee: is 1000 Ft. Participation is free for active members of the History Academy. Active members have to apply to the program at info@therock.academy.

APPOINTMENTS

12/08/2021. 5:30 PM (online) – ONLY HUNGARIAN!

UNDERGROUND LABORATORY

Did you know that there was a lab in the Hospital in the Rock for a while? Wondering how vaccines were made during World War II? Get to know the history of the “Virus” Vaccine Production Institute and the experts who fought the epidemics in the scattered Budapest!

LECTURER

Angelika Bálint-Révész, historian, museum educator

LOCATION

Online, the presentation will take place in the form of a Zoom meeting. It is not necessary to have Zoom registration to participate in the meeting. We will send you the link by e-mail no later than 24 hours before the program. By clicking on the link you can join the lecture with any device that has internet connection and display (computer, laptop, tablet, mobile phone).

PARTICIPATION FEE

Anyone can join the online program. The participation fee is 1000 HUF, for active members of the History Academy 500 HUF.

APPOINTMENTS

29/07/2021. 5:30 PM (online) – ONLY HUNGARIAN!

SURVIVAL IN ARMED CONFLICTS

Is it possible to prepare for air strikes? Can there be a bomb-safe city? What were the chances of civilians surviving World War II? We will discuss these issues in this lecture of the History Academy on air defense in Hungary.

LECTURER

Angelika Bálint-Révész, historian, museum educator

LOCATION

Online, the presentation will take place in the form of a Zoom meeting. It is not necessary to have Zoom registration to participate in the meeting. We will send you the link by e-mail no later than 24 hours before the program. By clicking on the link you can join the lecture with any device that has internet connection and display (computer, laptop, tablet, mobile phone).

PARTICIPATION FEE

Anyone can join the online lecture! The participation fee: is 1000 Ft. Participation is free for active members of the History Academy. Active members have to apply to the program at info@therock.academy.

APPOINTMENTS

15/07/2021. 5:30 PM (online) – ONLY HUNGARIAN!

MI AZ A MÚZEUMOK ÉJSZAKÁJA?

 

Múzeumok Éjszakája (Múzéj) egy kulturális program, ami 1999-ben indult francia példa alapján, és itthon 2003 óta rendezik meg minden évben. A program különlegessége, hogy egy belépőjegy megvásárlásával az összes részt vevő intézmény programját meg lehet tekinteni ezen az éjszakán. #MÚZÉJ2021

 

MIKOR VAN A MÚZEUMOK ÉJSZAKÁJA?

 

Az idei évben a Múzeumok Éjszakáját 2021. 06. 26-án tartják. A Múzéj hivatalosan 18:00-kor kezdődik, de egyes múzeumok – ahogy a Sziklakórház is – már reggel 10:00 órától várják a látogatókat. A 18 óra előtti programokon való részvétel általában korlátozott és valamilyen feltételhez (pl. nálunk vásárolt karszalag felmutatása) köthetik résztvevő intézmények. Az idei évben – az egészségvédelmi intézkedések betartása mellett – a tömeg elkerülése érdekében ahol csak lehet, javasolt előzetesen regisztrálni, helyet foglalni a programokra!

 

MILYEN FELTÉTELEKKEL VEHETSZ RÉSZT A MÚZÉJ PROGRAMOKON 2021-BEN?

 

A múzeumok a 194/2021 (IV. 26.) Kormányrendelet értelmében 18 éves kor felett csak azok számára látogathatók, akik rendelkeznek védettségi igazolvánnyal. Az igazolvány felmutatása vagy az applikáció bemutatása belépéskor kötelező, valamint személyi igazolvány felmutatását is kérhetik. A Sziklakórház Atombunker Múzeumban ezen kívül szájmaszk viselése is kötelező a programon való részvétel során.

Figyelem! 6 éves kor alatt a Sziklakórház Múzeumok Éjszakáján sem látogatható és 12 éves kor alatt nem ajánlott.

MÚZÉJ PROGRAMOK A SZIKLAKÓRHÁZBAN – 2021. 06. 26.

 

10:00 – 24:00 – HÉTKÖZNAPI HŐSÖK A SZIKLAKÓRHÁZBAN – tárlatvezetés

A program a Sziklakórház múltját azoknak a hétköznapi hősöknek a történetein keresztül mutatja be, akik tanúbizonyságot tettek elszántságukról és hősiességükről a huszadik század legnehezebb időszakaiban. Orvosok, ápolók, önkéntesek és civilek emlékei mesélnek ezen a napon az általuk képviselt örök érvényű értékekről és keltik életre a múzeum történetét.

Az interaktív tárlatvezetés hossza: 45-60 perc.

HOGYAN VEHETSZ RÉSZT A PROGRAMON?

Tárlatvezetések 15-30 percenként indulnak 10-24 óra között (utolsó belépés 23:00 órakor)

  • 10-18 ÓRA KÖZÖTT –  60 perces látogatás élő tárlatvezetéssel KIZÁRÓLAG  a Sziklakórházban vásárolt és pecséttel ellátott karszalaggal lehet részt venni. Időpontra szóló karszalag megvásárolható előzetesen online vagy a múzeumban, illetve a 2021. 06. 26-án a helyszínen 10:00 órától.  Figyelem! A helyszínen váltott karszalagok esetében időpont foglalásra nincs lehetőség, a programon érkezési sorrendben tudsz részt venni. A nálunk vásárolt karszalag természetesen az összes résztvevő múzeumban érvényes.)
  • 18-24 ÓRA KÖZÖTT – 45-60 perces látogatás BÁRHOL megváltott karszalaggal. Időpont foglalására máshol váltott karszalaggal nincs lehetőség, a programon érkezési sorrendben tudsz részt venni. Felhívjuk a figyelmedet, hogy a korlátozott kapacitás miatt csak annak tudjuk garantálni a bejutást és a sorban állás elkerülését, aki előzetesen a Sziklakórházban váltott időpontra szóló karszalagot.

10:00 – 22:00 – DARUMADARAK ÉS A JÓ ÁLDÁS – kreatív program

A Sziklakórház küldetése, hogy bemutassa a háború valódi arcát és rávilágítson a béke értékére. A béke egyik nemzetközi szimbóluma a papírból hajtogatott darumadár. A japán hagyomány szerint 1000 darumadár meghajtogatása szerencsét és jó áldást hoz, ezért a Múzeumok Éjszakája alkalmából minden látogatónkat megkérjük, hogy hajtogassa meg saját darumadarát akár otthon, akár a helyszínen és ezeket elhelyezzük a Sziklakórház kapuján.

A célunk, hogy az este folyamán 1000 darumadár kerüljön a múzeum kapujára, hogy ezzel együtt kívánjunk jó áldást minden hétköznapi hősnek!

 

ELŐVÉTELI ONLINE KARSZALAG VÁSÁRLÁS

 

Vedd meg Múzéj karszalagodat a Sziklakórházban személyesen vagy a Sziklakórház webshopjában előzetesen, így már 18 óra előtt részt vehetsz a programokon és ezzel támogatod munkánkat is! A nálunk elővételben vásárolt karszalagok időpontra szólnak, így elkerülöd a sorban állást is és bejutásod garantált. 

Karszalagot a helyszínen is vásárolhatsz 2021. 06. 26-án nálunk (ekkor már időpont foglalásra nem lesz lehetőség).

Our playful and free downloadable booklets are available for two age groups. Both publications help to process the messages conveyed by the Hospital in the Rock Museum and deepen the historical knowledge. Our museum educators call them as a 3 in 1 booklet because they help to tune in if you’re just planning a visit, and there are tasks in it that you’ll be able to solve while viewing the exhibit, and some that you can best solve at home.

Discover Hospital in the Rock! - under 12 years of age

This booklet is recommended for children who have no or limited knowledge of  World War II, the 1956 Revolution in Hungary, and the Cold War. The booklet will help you connect the museum experience to personal stories and provide the basics for processing what you see in the museum.

Discover Hospital in the Rock! - between 12 - 14 years of age

This booklet is for those who have already studied World War II, the 1956 Revolution in Hungary, and the Cold War. The booklet includes information that complements the school curriculum and helps deepen what is seen at the Hospital in the Rock Museum.

The booklets were produced with the support of the National Cultural Fund.

www.nka.hu

In the wake of medical devices II.

The use of radioactive materials are unavoidable in present times. Despite their harmful properties, there are multiple beneficial uses. The amount of energy produces by nuclear power plants would be unimaginable earlier, although the storage of used fuel is a highly debated topic even today.

Modern medicine uses radioactive materials in multiple diagnostic procedures, while research in natural science utilize them too. Radiocarbon dating used by archeology is based on the radioactive decay of certain elements. Furthermore there are several industrial applications of nuclear materials, for example sterilization or fire-alarms.

Geiger counters used during a decontamination exercise.

Still from a Civil Defense training: Behavior in case of radiation hazard.

TVL-63 military chemical laboratory.

The paper crane is one of the most important symbols of peace and anti-nuclear movements.

In the wake of medical devices I.

The use of radioactive materials are unavoidable in present times. Despite their harmful properties, there are multiple beneficial uses. The amount of energy produces by nuclear power plants would be unimaginable earlier, although the storage of used fuel is a highly debated topic even today.

Modern medicine uses radioactive materials in multiple diagnostic procedures, while research in natural science utilize them too. Radiocarbon dating used by archeology is based on the radioactive decay of certain elements. Furthermore there are several industrial applications of nuclear materials, for example sterilization or fire-alarms.

Geiger counters used during a decontamination exercise.

Still from a Civil Defense training: Behavior in case of radiation hazard.

TVL-63 military chemical laboratory.

The paper crane is one of the most important symbols of peace and anti-nuclear movements.

Christmas at the Hospital in the Rock

Christmas is always sad at the time of war – this was especially true during December 1944. The Soviet army had just encircled Budapest on Christmas Eve, this was when the siege of the capital started. Ágota Steinert, who was only four years old at the time, has the following memories from that day:

„We went to the basement, where everybody – according to their temper – prayed, cursed, was furious or stayed silent. Something baffling and unimaginable happened. Just as if an earthquake had started and the walls had wanted to collapse on us. The whole house was trembling, there was whooshing and weird noises, buzzing and booming.”

She and her family moved to the Hospital in the Rock on Christmas Day.

Ágota Steinert and her sister during Christmas.

Janka Benkő’s verification from the hospital.

Christmas display from the Hospital in the Rock Museum in 2007.

Entrance to the office of Dr. István Kovács.

Lifeguards in the Castle District

The Holocaust was one of the most horrible events of not just the XX. Century, but probably even of the history of humanity. Nearly 6 million people of Jewish descent – or those classified as such – were killed across Europe, and more than 15 million died as a result of the persecution. This happened not only in Nazi Germany, but also in the allied and occupied countries.

Fortunately, however, not everyone served the persecutors, many helped the persecuted. In Hungary, perhaps Raoul Wallenberg became the most famous, but many others took their share of the rescue work. While some were able to help hundreds, others could only help one or two people. However, the people who risked everything – and sometimes gave their lives – to save others, are all heroes.

Friedrich Born, delegate of the International Red Cross in Hungary during 1944-45.

Red Cross protective document for a doctor of the Hospital in the Rock.

Dr. Endre Mester, one of the Jewish doctors of the Hospital in the Rock, sent as forced labor.

Testimony of dr. Endre Mester, about dr. István Kovács, who protected the forced labor doctors of the Hospital in the Rock.

The “Vérmező” during the WWII

Among the locations related to the siege of the Castle District, we now present Vérmező. Today’s peaceful park was the site of fierce fighting in 1945, with many wounded being transported from here to the Hospital in the Rock. The importance of the area was increased by the fact that it was the last place where the aircraft carrying supplies could land. After the war, the park was covered with scattered vehicles.

According to the recollections of Dr. Elek Farkas, the wreckages found here were used to equip the Virus Vaccine Production Institute on the territory of the Hospital in the Rock – among other things, chair legs were made from the aluminum tubes found in the aircraft.

DP-28 machine gun from WWII.

Helmet used by the Royal Hungarian Army from the 1940s.

Soviet minesweeper grenade from the 1940s.

German bandages from the 1940s.

Nuclear weapons in Hungary

From the 1950’s the relationship between the Unites States and the Soviet Union was becoming more and more tense. The third world war seemed inevitable, and – as a member of the Warsaw Pact – Hungary was supposed to take part in it. According to some military plans, Hungary was to attack Northern Italy or Bavaria in cooperation with other communist states.

Of course Western NATO countries had similar ideas, in case armed conflict seemed unavoidable. Both sides would have used nuclear weapons – big or small – in these conflicts, even in densely populated areas. Fortunately all this never had to happened.

Cold War poster – “Together in protecting socialism and peace”

Comparing the destructive potential of nuclear weapons.

The effect of a W-88 Trident nuclear warhead above Budapest.

Potential nuclear strike targets, according to an American plan from 1956.