Radiaton measuring instruments

The use of radioactive materials are unavoidable in present times. Despite their harmful properties, there are multiple beneficial uses. The amount of energy produces by nuclear power plants would be unimaginable earlier, although the storage of used fuel is a highly debated topic even today.

Modern medicine uses radioactive materials in multiple diagnostic procedures, while research in natural science utilize them too. Radiocarbon dating used by archeology is based on the radioactive decay of certain elements. Furthermore there are several industrial applications of nuclear materials, for example sterilization or fire-alarms.

Geiger counters used during a decontamination exercise.

Still from a Civil Defense training: Behavior in case of radiation hazard.

TVL-63 military chemical laboratory.

The paper crane is one of the most important symbols of peace and anti-nuclear movements.

How to encrypt a hospital?

The fear of another huge war, made more and more destructive by nuclear weapons, determined the second half of the XX. century. After the Second World War everybody around the globe tried to prepare for a potential nuclear attack.

The expansion of the Hospital in the Rock was ordered because of this fear: two new wards were made, and a new extension was built in front of the entrance – these were finished by 1952. The hospital was made nuclear-proof between 1958 and 1962: chemical filters, a ventilation system capable of internal air circulating, and new generators and water tanks were added. Furthermore a new entrance was made, where decontamination could be carried out. The facility was classified by the code LOSK0101/1.

The entrance of the Hospital in the Rock, shortly after the declassification.

One of the facilities generators, made by the Ganz Company.

Center of the ventilation system, with the chemical filter on the right side.

The cover of an expansion plan, with the LOSK 0101/1 codename on it.

The Virus Vaccine Production Institute

The work of the Hospital in the Rock was not finished after the 1944-45 Siege of Budapest ended, it was still needed throughout spring. After all this though – it was never meant to be opened permanently – it was closed and emptied.

Many opposed this decision, and petitioned for the further use of the hospital in some form. It was around this time that a former staff member of the Hospital in the Rock, Dr. József Born appeared, a person who knew well the potential the facility held. The momentarily abandoned building, had the perfect conditions for a laboratory.

Rental agreement about the building and equipment of the Hospital in the Rock.

Petition from the „Virus” Vaccine Manufacturing Institute to the city government.

The official logo of the company.

Civilian defense poster warning about infectious diseases.

Syringe sterilization case.

Different laboratory equipment.

Questions and answers

The history of the Hospital in the Rock holds numerous interesting questions – we cover the most important information in our guided tours. The location, the sight and the stories told often encourage our visitors to think further.

Now we want to satisfy this thirst for knowledge – we brought you the answers to the most frequently asked questions. Of course, the simple “What is this?” is also a reoccurring question in our museum, so now we display our most popular, difficult-to-identify artefacts.

Surgical suction pump. Hidrovac-22 type.

Portable toilet, for patients who had difficulties moving.

Caregiving trolley. Mobile container for treatment of patients in wards.

Emergency lights from the 1950’s. With internal batteries, it illuminates corridors during a blackout.